OSHA is a Government Agency under the Prime Minister’s Office (Labour, Youth, Employment and Persons with Disability). The Agency is respon¬sible to protect workers against potential hazards at workplaces that can cause occupational diseases and accidents. This duty is exercised through enforcing the implementation of the Occupational Health and Safety Act No. 5 of 2003.
OSHA’s history goes back to 2001 when it was established as part of Government Programme to Improve Service Provision to the public which was implemented under the Executive Agencies Act No. 30 of the 1997.
OSHA has been established as a Government Agency for regulating occupational safety and health in Tanzania Mainland. OSHA has the respon¬sibility to ensure that employees work in safer environments which is free from occupational diseases and accidents as per laid down procedures and standards.
The Authority has four main responsibilities including;
- To enforce the Occupational Health and Safety Act No. 5 of 2003.
- To advise the government on workplace safety and health issues as well as on policies, regulations and guidelines for safety and health management in the country including ratification of Internation¬al Conventions on safety and health issues.
- Increase awareness of stake¬holders engagement in matters related to Safety and Health by providing a variety of train¬ing, including providing pro¬fessional advice to stakehold¬ers.
- Conducting various researches concerning occupational safety and health issues in order to advise government on how to implement the mentioned legislation.
In order to achieve the stated objectives, the Agency carry out various activities including:
- Registering workplaces;
- Conducting General Inspections and performing specific inspections, e.g. electrical safety inspections, pressure vessels and inspection of Lifting Appliances;
- Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Risk assessment;
- Scrutinization of workplace drawings to ensure that they meet minimum OHS standards;
- Conducting accident investigations;
- To conduct industrial hygiene surveys and measurements as well as;
- To provide technical advice on occupational health and safety issues.